Agriculture & Natural Resources in Champaign County
Information regarding Agriculture & Natural Resources in Champaign County
Information regarding Agriculture & Natural Resources in Champaign County:
Named For...French word meaning "open level country"
Established...Act - March 1, 1805
Land Area...428.6 Square Miles
County Seat...Urbana City
Geography...Urbana, OH micropolitan area
Since the 1950’s, Champaign County has had a modern farming economy. By then we had tractors, herbicides and hybrid corn. As more people moved from the farm, we required more mechanization to accomplish farm tasks.
In 1955 ($16 million income) main farm products were:
Dairy 34% of income
By the mid 2000’s ($52 million income):
Corn 37% of income
We shifted from more labor-intensive enterprises like dairy to grain farming. We now operate capital-intensive operations – an average farm today is likely to have $300,000 to 400,000 in equipment inventory alone. A new combine can cost over $200,000.
In 1955, a farm was 155 acres and had 12 cows, 63% was in crops. The county had 1261 dairies.
In 2004, a farm has 224 acres with 86% in crops. This number may be a little deceptive however because many farms today are rented to a larger producer who may have as many as 4-5,000 acres in the farm unit. There are only 30 dairies in the county averaging 63 cows per operation.